Waterscapes

While it took 3.8 billion years to sequester minerals that surround what is still commonly referred to as New York City and build a baptismal freshwater flow, it took less than 100 years of industrial experimentation to corrupt it, and more than 150 years to build a public water system that’s been continually in process…

Waterscapes

While it took 3.8 billion years to sequester minerals that surround what is still commonly referred to as New York City and build a baptismal freshwater flow, it took less than 100 years of industrial experimentation to corrupt it, and more than 150 years to build a public water system that’s been continually in process…

A photo of outcrops of rounded Stromatolite forms in a shallow pool of seawater
Stromatolites at Lake Thetis, Western Australia. Stromatolites are ancient rock-like living structures that dominated the shores 3.5 billion years ago as the Earth’s first visible-to-the-naked-eye life form. They grow in extremely salty lagoons or bays in Australia, Brazil, Mexico and the Bahamas. Image: Ruth Ellison / Creative Commons.

“This earthly matter is an abundant fountain of energy flowing through a circuit of minerals, plants, and animals that comprise it. Some energy dissipated in decay, some is added by absorption from air, some is stored in soils, peats, and long-lived forests; but it is still a circuit, a slowly augmented revolving fund of life. There is always a net loss by downhill wash, but this is small and offset by the decay of rocks, that in the course of geological time, rises up to form new lands.”

-from A Sand County Almanac, Aldo Leopold.